001 CEJ20200106102232
100   ^a20200106d2019    k  y0porb0103    ba
101 0 ^aeng
102   ^aDE
200 1 ^aVirtual and cryptocurrencies^eregulatory and anti-money laundering approaches in the European Union and in Switzerland^fThomas A. Frick
330   ^aCryptocurrencies and virtual currencies gained prominence in 2017 and 2018. The European Union has closely observed developments but has not been proactive in regulating this new phenomenon. In the Fifth Anti-Money Laundering Directive, a definition of virtual currencies was introduced to EU law for the first time. Reports published by the European Securities and Markets Authority and by the European Banking Authority, both in 2019, provide further clarification on the approach being taken at EU level. Switzerland has been at the forefront of crypto developments. The Swiss approach to regulating the crypto world is different from the approach taken e.g., in Malta and Liechtenstein and may serve as an additional inspiration for EU regulators
461  1^tERA Forum^cTrier^vV. 20, n.º 1 (julho 2019)^pp. 99-112
606   ^aMoeda virtual
606   ^aBranqueamento de capitais
606   ^aFinanciamento colaborativo
607   ^aSuiça
700  1^aFrick,^bThomas A.
801   ^aPT^bCEJ^c20130103
920 n
921 a
922 a
923  
924  
925  
931 20200106
932 d
933 2019
934     
935 k  
936 y
937 0
938 ba